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02/25

Europcar announces record 2015 results

Note: this press release includes audited consolidated results under IFRS, as approved by the management board and reviewed by the supervisory board on February 24, 2016.

 

Following the IPO, the Group is backed by solid fundamentals to rapidly pursue the 2nd phase of its transformation plan, the primary focus of which is enhanced
customer offers and experience.

 

  • Europcar meets its financial guidance, as upgraded in November 2015.
  • Revenues amounted to €2.142 million, up 4.9% at constant perimeter and exchange rate.
  • Adjusted Corporate EBITDA of €251 million, up nearly 16% at constant exchange rate, with a strong improvement of the margin at 11.7%
  • Sharp reduction in Corporate net debt with a leverage at 0.9x.
  • 2016 guidance fully aligned with the commitments taken during the IPO.
  • Confirmation of a dividend payout ratio of at least 30% of annual net income starting in 2017 based on the previous year net income.

 

 

Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines, February 25, 2016 – Europcar (Euronext Paris: EUCAR) today announced its 2015 results.

 

Philippe Germond, Chairman of the management board, said:

“2015 was an important year for Europcar. We have made a major step forward with our successful IPO. We have also consolidated our market position with growth in all our corporate countries, while pursuing our operational improvements. In the new mobility solutions market, Europcar Lab has made a strategic investment in E-Car Club and we have continued the roll-out of Ubeeqo in Europe. Our excellent 2015 results are the concrete translation of our buoyant business trend and underscore the strength of our strategy enabling us to confirm our mid-term performance commitments. We strive to offer our customers future multi modal solutions and this strategy will give rise to future ideas and developments for the Group in 2016 and beyond.”

 

 

In € million, except if mentioned

FY 2015

FY 2014

Change

Change at constant exchange rate

Number of rental days (millions)

57.1

52.8

8.1%

 –

Average fleet (thousands)

205.4

189.3

8.5%

Revenues

2,142

1,979

8.2%

5.8%

Recurring operating income

283

254

11.6%

9.3%

Adjusted Corporate EBITDA

251

213

17.8%

15.6%

Adjusted Corporate EBITDA margin

11.7%

10.8%

+0.9 pt

 

IFRS net profit/loss

-56

-112

+50%

 

Adjusted net profit/loss[1]

128

NA

 

 

Corporate net debt at year end

235

581

 

 

 

 

2015 Highlights

 

2015 was a major turning point in the Group’s history, with record growth in all performance indicators and a successful IPO to mark the success of the first phase of the Group transformation plan, Fast Lane. This is shown by:

 

  • Acceleration of the sales strategy by segment, which has yielded results notably thanks to improved analysis of Corporate customer needs which led the company to fully reshape its SME and Vans & Trucks segments approach.

 

  • A surge in the Leisure segment underpinned by continuously upgrading of the Group’s distribution channels, strong development of the low cost brand, InterRent, in the corporate countries (75 operational locations at end of 2015), and through franchisees (40 affiliated countries at end of 2015 up from 19 as at end of 2014) and the successful launch of Keddy. These initiatives allow the Group to develop its customer portfolio.

 

  • Expansion of the Group’s worldwide footprint with more than 25 GSA, thereby boosting Europcar’s visibility and benefitting from customers coming from emerging markets. This trend will continue in 2016.

 

Furthermore, the Group continued to improve customer experience and bolstered its presence in the new mobility solutions market. The following are a few key examples:

  • Enriched digital experience by reshaping mobile apps and the Europcar mobile website to make them more user friendly, while developing Group websites features such as 24/7 live chat. Europcar’s mobile application has also been recognized best car rental App.

 

  • Europcar Lab’s July 2015 acquisition of E-Car Club together with its late 2014 acquisition of Ubeeqo enabled the Group to build on its mobility offering with simple turnkey solutions and to offer customers a truly distinctive service.

 

  • A new Customer Experience position with Jan Löning recruitment as Director. His task is to improve customer experience so as to bolster customer loyalty and develop the Europcar customer portfolio.


Analysis of 2015 results

 

Revenues

Total revenue recorded a 4.9%[2] organic growth compared to 2014, to €2.142 million. This significant increase is boosted by 5.9% at constant exchange rate growth in vehicle rental activities. This increase also reflects success in sales initiatives launched under the Fast Lane transformation plan.

 

The number of rental days jumped to 57.1 million in 2015, up 8.1% over 2014. This growth was evenly spread among all corporate countries and was driven on a balanced manner by:

  • The Corporate segment, with volume increases, particularly in SMEs segment and Vehicle Replacement activities.
  • The Leisure segment, with sustained demand across all distribution channels, accelerated expansion of the InterRent brand and the successful launch of the new Keddy product.

 

Nominal revenue per rental day edged down reflecting a change in the mix, both as regards customer segments (Leisure versus Business and Vans) and Group brands (Europcar and InterRent) and an increase in the average rental duration. The nominal reduction due to mix effects had no impact on Group earnings.

 

 

Adjusted Corporate EBITDA[3]

Adjusted Corporate EBITDA is defined as current operating income before depreciation and amortization not related to the fleet, and after deduction of the interest expense on certain liabilities related to rental fleet financing. This indicator includes in particular all the costs associated with the fleet.

 

2015 Adjusted Corporate EBITDA surged to €250.6 million (up 15.6% at constant exchange rate) compared to €212.8 million in 2014. This increase translates operational leverage excellence, strict cost management improvement and positive evolution of the fleet financing costs. Specifically, Europcar continued to improve its fleet costs per unit and its variable costs boosted to efficiency gains for some costs while continuing to invest in the sales development, IT and marketing with a view to maintaining a sustainable growth.

 

Operating income

2015 operating income came in at €221.5 million, up from €138.2 million in 2014. Both years were hit by net non-recurring expenses totalling €61.8 million and €115.7 million respectively. In 2015, this primarily related to IPO costs, the reshape of the company’s financial structure and the net impact of certain proceedings. Excluding such non-recurring expenses, 2015 current operating income amounted to €283.3 million, up 11.6% from €253.9 million in 2014 as a result of sustained growth in revenues and the improved management of operating costs.

 

Net financing costs

Net financing costs under IFRS amounted to a €227.6 million net expense in 2015, compared to €232.7 million net expense in 2014, and breaks down as follows in 2015:

  • Interest costs related to borrowings taken out to fund the fleet amounting to €65 million, down from €72.9 million in 2014 due to the refinancing operated between mid 2014 and mid 2015 despite a sharp increase in the average fleet.
  • Interest costs related to other borrowings, linked to the corporate debt amounting to €56.3 million, sharply down from €78.5 million in 2014 as a result of the corporate debt restructuring undertaken at the end of the first half of 2015 following the successful IPO.
  • Non-recurring costs of €83 million relating to the redemption of existing subordinated bonds (€56 million) and write off of transaction costs on redeemed bonds (€26.9 million). These non-recurring costs arose directly from all financial transactions undertaken as part of the IPO.

 

Net profit/loss

In 2015, the Group posted a net loss of €55.8 million, compared to a €111.7 million net loss in 2014. This significant improvement arose from the good evolution of the operational performance and the significant decrease of the financing cost. Note that the net loss in 2015 – a transition year for the Group – is stated after non-recurring costs including IPO expenses, the reshape of the company’s financial structure and the net impact of certain proceedings.

 

Adjusted net profit/loss

In view of the specific 2015 items mentioned above, for information purposes, Europcar estimated that the adjusted net profit[4] amounted to approximately €128 million. It represents the net income excluding exceptional items (operational and financial), before associates, and adjusting financial expenses pro-forma for the full year effect of the Group financial structure reshape.

 

Net debt

Corporate net debt decreases to €235 million as of December 31, 2015 (vs. €581 million as of December 31, 2014) as a result of the full reshape of the capital structure following the IPO.

The fleet debt was €2,821 million as of December 31, 2015 vs. €2.567 million in December 31, 2014. This increase reflects the higher fleet volume to sustain the growth of the operation and the evolution of the mix of the vehicles.

 

2016 guidance

In line with its commitment taken during the IPO, Europcar plans the following objectives:

– Organic growth of total revenues[5] of 3 to 5%.

– Adjusted corporate EBITDA above €275 million.

 

Furthermore, the Group confirms a dividend payout ratio of at least 30% of annual net income starting in 2017 in respect of the previous year net income.

 

The Group reiterates its strategic ambition through the roll out of its acquisition plan in order to increase value creation for its shareholders. A number of advanced discussions are underway for bolt on acquisitions.

 

In this framework, confident in its ability to deliver its strategic plan, the Group could consider allocating financial resources to a share buy back.

 

Ambition

Europcar will continue to roll out the second phase of its transformation plan, Fast Lane, in order to sustain an organic profitable growth boosted by a dynamic external growth policy.

 

Growth will be supported by strengthening the Group’s sales strategy by segment and strict cost management including the improvement of its network and the extension of its shared services centre logic.

 

Special attention will also be paid to enhancing the customer experience based on the Group’s digital transformation. The goal here is to offer an entirely mobile-based turnkey customer experience within two years. Customers’ better awareness of Europcar, goods and services standing out due to innovation, a transparent, smooth customer relations, user-friendly processes and bespoke support are our watchwords that will underlie the Group’s customer strategy throughout 2016.

 

Furthermore, the Group also plans to boost its direct to brand strategy as to tighten links with its customers and improve their loyalty.

 

Europcar also plans to build on its leadership in the new mobility solutions market. Early 2016, the Group stepped up a gear when Ubeeqo launched the first rental car multi-modular reservation platform for consumers. This “3 in 1” app launched in Paris and London gives customers the choice of three transport options: a car pooling service (Matcha), a car with driver/taxi or rental cars. As a genuine mobility platform, this service ushers in a new urban mobility concept that is freer, cheaper, more practical and simpler, less time-consuming and more environmentally friendly. Matcha should be deployed progressively in other European capitals.

 

From car rental to setting up the Europcar Lab – designed as an incubator of ideas to research new mobile goods and services, to the new Ubeeqo platform, Europcar strives to offer future multi-modular solutions.

 


 

 

 

***

 

 

About Europcar Group

Europcar shares (EUCAR) are listed on the Euronext Paris stock exchange. Europcar is the European leader in vehicle rental service and is also a major player in mobility markets. Active in more than 140 countries, Europcar serves customers through an extensive vehicle rental network comprised of its wholly-owned subsidiaries as well as sites operated by franchisees and partners. In addition to the Europcar® brand, the company offers low-cost vehicle rentals under the InterRent® brand. A commitment to customer satisfaction drives the company and its 6,000 people forward and provides the impetus for continuous development of new services. The Europcar Lab was created to respond to tomorrow’s mobility challenges through innovation and strategic investments, such as Ubeeqo and E-Car Club. 

 

 

Forward-looking statements

This press release includes forward-looking statements based on current beliefs and expectations about future events. Such forward looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and the announced objectives are subject to inherent risks, uncertainties and assumptions about Europcar Groupe and its subsidiaries and investments, trends in their business, future capital expenditures and acquisitions, developments in respect of contingent liabilities, changes in economic conditions globally or in Europcar Groupe’s principal markets, competitive conditions in the market and regulatory factors. Those events are uncertain; their outcome may differ from current expectations which may in turn affect announced objectives. Actual results may differ materially from those projected or implied in these forward-looking statements. Any forward-looking statement contained in this press release is made as of the date of this press release. Europcar Groupe undertakes no obligation to publicly revise or update any forward-looking statements in light of new information or future events.

The results and the Group’s performance may also be affected by various risks and uncertainties identified in the “Risk factors” of the Registration Document registered by the Autorité des marchés financiers (the “AMF”) May 20, 2015 under the  number I.15-041 and its update filed with the AMF on June 12, 2015 and also available on the Group’s website: www.europcar-group.com 

 

 

 

Further details on our website:

finance.europcar-group.com

 

 

Contacts

 

Europcar / Press relations

Nathalie Poujol

+33 1 30 44 98 82

europcarpressoffice@europcar.com

 

Europcar / Investor relations

Aurélia Cheval

+33 1 30 44 98 98

Investor.relations@europcar.com

 

Havas Paris

Jean-Baptiste Froville

+33 1 58 47 95 39 

jean-baptiste.froville@havasww.com

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Appendix 1 – Management Profit and Loss

 

All data in €m

FY 2015

FY 2014

Variation

Total revenue

2 141,9

1 978,9

8,2%

Change at constant exchange rates

 

 

5,8%

Fleet holding costs, excluding estimated interest included in operating leases

-491,9

-442,7

11,1%

Fleet operating, rental and revenue related costs

-727,0

-686,3

5,9%

Personnel costs

-347,4

-318,2

9,2%

Network and head office overhead

-218,5

-199,3

9,6%

Other income and expense

14,2

6,9

105,8%

Personnel costs, network and head office overhead, IT and other

-551,7

-510,6

8,0%

Net fleet financing expense

-65,5

-72,9

-10,2%

Estimated interest included in operating leases

-55,2

-53,6

3,0%

Fleet financing expenses, including estimated interest included in operating leases

-120,7

-126,5

-4,6%

Adjusted Corporate EBITDA

250,6

212,8

17,8%

Margin

11,7%

10,8%

+0.9 pt

Depreciation – excluding vehicle fleet

-32,8

-31,8

3,1%

Other operating income and expenses

-61,8

-115,7

-46,6%

Other financing income and expense not related to the fleet

-162,1

-159,8

1,4%

Profit/loss before tax

-6,1

-94,5

-93,5%

Income tax

-37,6

-10,7

251,4%

Share of profit/(loss) of associates

-12,1

-6,5

86,2%

Net profit/(loss)

-55,8

-111,7

-50,0%

 

 

 

 

Appendix 2 – IFRS Income statement

 

In thousands of €

 

As at Dec. 31, 2015

As at Dec. 31, 2014

 

 

 

 

Revenue

 

2 141 923

1,978,870

 

 

 

 

Fleet holding costs

 

(547 186)

(496,264)

Fleet operating, rental and revenue related costs

 

(726 990)

(686,279)

Personnel Costs

 

(347 388)

(318,153)

Network and head office overhead costs

 

(218 475)

(199,339)

Depreciation, amortization and impairment expense

 

(32 781)

(31,824)

Other income

 

14 216

6,879

Current operating income

 

283 319

253,890

 

 

 

 

Goodwill impairment expense

 

 

 

Other non-recurring income

 

 

Other non-recurring expense

 

(61 774)

(115,729)

Operating income

 

221 545

138,161

 

 

 

 

Gross financing costs

 

(121 768)

(151,424)

Other financial expenses

 

(117 780)

(90,650)

Other financial income

 

11 956

9,393

Net financing costs

 

(227 592)

(232,681)

 

 

 

 

Profit/loss before tax

 

(6 047)

(94,520)

 

 

 

 

Income tax benefit/(expense)

 

(37 637)

(10,655)

Share of profit/(loss)

of associates

 

(12 074)

(6,523)

Net profit/(loss) for the period

 

(55 758)

(111,698)

 

 

 

 

Attributable to:

 

 

 

Owners of ECG

 

(55 602)

(112,273)

Non-controlling interests

 

(156)

575

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic earnings/(loss) per share

attributable to owners of ECG (in €)

 

(0,449)

(1.082)

Diluted earnings/(loss) per share

attributable to owners of ECG (in €)

 

(0,449)

(1.082)

 

 


 

 

Appendix 3 – Reconciliation

 

All data in €m

2015

2014

Adjusted Consolidated EBITDA

766,0

695,0

Fleet depreciation IFRS

-184,4

-164,2

Fleet depreciation included in operating lease rents

-210,3

-191,4

Total Fleet depreciation

-394,7

-355,6

Interest expense related to fleet operating leases (estimated)

-55,2

-53,6

Net fleet financing expenses

-65,5

-72,9

Total Fleet financing

-120,7

-126,5

Adjusted Corporate EBITDA

250,6

212,8

Amortization, depreciation and impairment expense

-32,8

-31,8

Reversal of Net fleet financing expenses

65,5

72,9

Reversal of Interest expense related to fleet operating leases (estimated)

55,2

53,6

Adjusted recurring operating income

338,5

307,4

Interest expense related to fleet operating leases (estimated)

-55,2

-53,6

Recurring operating income

283,3

253,9

 

 


 

 

 

Appendix 4 – Adjusted Net Income for 2015

 

All data in €m

2015

IFRS Net Loss

-56

Pro Forma on Interest on Corporate High Yield bonds

26

Pro forma Transaction cost amortization

7

Reversal of Corporate High Yield Bonds redemption premium

56

Reversal of the write off associated with Corporate High Yield Bonds reimbursment

27

Reversal of exceptional income / expenses (*)

56

Reversal of Share of profit/(loss) of associates

12

Estimated Pro Forma Net Income

128

 

 

(*) Reversal of exceptional income / expenses mainly corresponds to:

–        Net negative impact of some proceedings

–        Costs associated with the IPO

–        Provision accrued in connection with tax audit


 

 

 

Appendix 5 – Balance sheet

 

In thousands of €

 

As at Dec. 31, 2015

As at Dec. 31, 2014

 

 

 

 

ASSETS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Goodwill

 

457 072

449,389

Intangible assets

 

713 136

721,732

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Property, plant and equipment

 

89 236

88,204

Equity-accounted investments

 

22 035

17,323

Other non-current financial assets

 

57 062  

38,934  

Deferred tax assets

 

55 730

47,395

Total non-current assets

 

1 394 271

1,362,977

 

 

 

 

Inventories

 

15 092

16,141

Rental fleet recorded on the balance sheet

 

1 664 930

1,402,660

Rental fleet and related receivables

 

574 652

530,098

Trade and other receivables

 

357 200

325,912

Current financial assets

 

37 523

49,477

Current tax assets

 

33 441

33,347

Restricted cash

 

97 366

81,795

Cash and cash equivalents

 

146 075

144,037

Total current assets

 

2 926 280

2,583,467

 

 

 

 

Total assets

 

4 320 551

3,946,444

 

 

 

 

Equity

 

 

 

Share capital

 

143 155

446,383

Share premium

 

767 402

452,978

Reserves

 

(74 341)

(77,926)

Retained earnings (losses)

 

(274 821)

(664,250)

Total equity attributable to the owners of ECG

 

561 395

157,185

Non-controlling interests

 

962

950

Total equity

 

562 356

158,135

 

 

 

 

LIABILITIES

 

 

 

Financial liabilities

 

801 183

1,043,069

Non-current financial instruments

 

52 090

41,928

Employee benefit liabilities

 

119 295

124,759

Non-current provisions

 

25 168

10,114

Deferred tax liabilities

 

131 132

131,005

Other non-current liabilities

 

306

365

Total non-current liabilities

 

1 129 174

1,351,240

 

 

 

 

Current portion of financial liabilities

 

1 263 783

1,127,545

Employee benefits

 

2 944

2,744

Current tax liabilities

 

24 511

34,560

Rental fleet related payables

 

662 722

581,957

Trade payables and other liabilities

 

424 974

449,866

Current provisions

 

250 087

240,397

Total current liabilities

 

2629021

2,437,069

Total liabilities

 

3 758 195

3,788,309

 

 

 

 

Total equity and liabilities

 

4 320 551

3,946,444

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Appendix 6 – IFRS Cash Flow

 

In thousands of €

 

As at Dec. 31, 2015

As at Dec. 31, 2014

 

 

 

 

Profit/(loss) before tax

 

(6,047)

(94,520)

 

 

 

 

Reversal of the following items

 

 

 

Depreciation and impairment charge on property, plant and equipment

 

15,277

12,834

Amortization and impairment charge on intangible assets

 

17,893

36,183

Impairment charge on goodwill

 

 

 

Changes in provisions and employee benefits

 

999

46,865

Recognition of share-based payments

 

2,624

 

IPO costs

 

8,692

 

Profit/(loss) on disposal of assets

 

(394)

(1,311)

 

 

 

 

Total net interest costs

 

127,303

160,011

Redemption premium

56,010

17,063

Amortization of transaction costs

42,340

29,237

Amortization of bond issue premiums

 

 

1,415

Other non-cash items

 

1,465

16,258

Financing costs

 

227,118

223,984

 

 

 

 

Operating income before changes in working capital

266,162

224,035

 

 

 

 

Acquisition of the rental fleet recorded on the balance sheet

 

(232,851)

(91,466)

Changes in fleet working capital                                                                      

34,869

(74,025)

Changes in non-fleet working capital

(57,243)

50,018

 

 

 

Cash generated from operations

10,937

108,562

 

 

 

 

Income taxes received/paid

 

(39,669)

(31,447)

Net interest paid

 

(137,334)

(166,798)

 

 

 

 

Net cash generated from (used by) operations

(166,066)

(89,683)

 

 

 

 

Acquisition of intangible assets and property, plant and equipment

 

(29,172)

(23,578)

Proceeds from disposal of intangible assets and property, plant and equipment

5,384

3,491

Other investments and loans

 

(1,158)

Proceeds from disposal of financial assets

(7,563)

(9,614)

Acquisition of subsidiaries, net of cash acquired (1)

(23,872)

(45,778)

 

 

 

 

Net cash used by investing activities

(55,223)

(76,637)

 

 

 

 

Capital increase (net of related expenses) (2)

 

448,203

Issuance of bonds(2)

 

471,623

350,000

Redemption of bonds(2)

(780,010)

(367,063)

Change in other borrowings

123,310

139,699

Payment of transaction costs

 

(19,820)

(17,336)

Swap cash payment

 

(2,000)

 

 

 

 

Net cash generated from (used by) financing activities

243,306

103,300

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalent at beginning of period

 

206,317

267,038

Net increase/(decrease) in cash and cash equivalents after effect of foreign exchange differences

22,018

(63,020)

Effect of foreign exchange differences

1,033

2,299

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

229,368

206,317

         

 

(1) Of which, in 2014, the acquisition price net of cash acquired of Ubeeqo and Europhall. In 2015, the payment of the acquisition of E-Car Club. In both years, capital increase of Car2Go and Ubeeqo.

(2) Capital increase and refinancing done in May and June 2015 in the context of IPO.

 

 

 

 

 

Appendix 7 – Debt

 

In €million

Pricing

Maturity

Dec. 31, 2015

Dec. 31, 2014

IN Balance Sheet

High Yield Senior Notes refinanced in 2015

 

 

724

High Yield Senior Notes (a)

5.75%

2022

475

Senior Revolving Facility (€350m)

E+250bps (b)

2020

81

201

FCT Junior Notes, accrued interest not yet due, capitalized financing costs and other

 

 

-150

-150

Gross Corporate debt

 

406

774

Short-term Investments and Cash in operating and holding entities

 

-171

-193

CORPORATE NET DEBT

(A)

235

581

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In €million

Pricing

Maturity

Dec. 31, 2015

Dec. 31, 2014

IN Balance Sheet

High Yield EC Finance Notes (a)

5.125%

2021

350

350

Senior asset revolving facility (€1.1bn SARF) (c)

E+170bps

2019

658

418

FCT Junior Notes, accrued interest, financing capitalized costs and other

 

 

142

132

UK, Australia and other fleet financing facilities

 

(d)

509

497

Gross financial fleet debt

 

 

1 659

1 396

Cash held in fleet financing entities and Short-term fleet investments

-161

-113

Fleet net debt in Balance sheet

 

1 498

1 283

 

 

 

 

 

OFF BS

Debt equivalent of fleet operating leases – OFF Balance Sheet (e)

1 323

1 284

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL FLEET NET DEBT (incl. op leases)

(B)

2 821

2 567

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL NET DEBT

(A)+(B)

3 057

3 148

 

 

  • These bonds are listed on the Luxembourg Stock Exchange.  The corresponding prospectus is available on Luxembourg Stock Exchange website (http://www.bourse.lu/Accueil.jsp)
  • Depending on the leverage ratio
  • Swap instruments covering the SARF structure have been extended to 2019
  • UK fleet financing maturing in 2017 with a two-year extension option
  • Corresponds to the net book value of applicable vehicles, which is calculated on the basis of the purchase price and depreciation rates of corresponding vehicles (based on contracts with manufacturers).

 

[1] See “Reconciliation with IFRS” attached hereto. In view of the specific 2015 items, for information purposes, Europcar estimated an adjusted net profit.

[2] At constant exchange rates excluding EuropHall, a French franchisee acquired in Q4 2014 consolidated over two months. EuropHall posted 2014 revenues of some €23 million.

[3] See “Reconciliation with IFRS” attached hereto

[4] See “Reconciliation with IFRS” attached hereto

[5] Based on the current petrol price.

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